Kamala Harris, in full Kamala Devi Harris, (born October 20, 1964, Oakland, California, USA), 49th Vice President of the United States (2021- ) in the Democratic administration of Pres. Joe Biden. She was the first woman and the first African American to hold the post. She had previously served in the U.S. Senate (2017-21) and as attorney general of California (2011-17).

Her father, who was Jamaican, taught at Stanford University, and her mother, the daughter of an Indian diplomat, was a cancer researcher. Her younger sister, Maya, later became a public policy advocate. After studying political science and economics (B. A., 1986) at Howard University, Kamala earned a law degree (1989) from Hastings College.

She then worked as a deputy district attorney (1990-98) in Oakland, gaining a reputation for toughness as she prosecuted gang violence, drug trafficking and sexual abuse cases. Harris rose through the ranks to become district attorney in 2004. In 2010, she was narrowly elected California attorney general-by a margin of less than 1 percent-and became the first woman and the first African American to hold the office. After taking office the following year, she demonstrated political independence, rejecting, for example, the administration’s push for Pres. Barack Obama urged you to settle a nationwide lawsuit against mortgage lenders for unfair practices. Instead, She pressed California’s case and won a judgment in 2012 that was five times higher than originally offered. Her refusal to defend Proposition 8 (2008), which banned same-sex marriage in the state, helped get her overturned in 2013. Harris’ book” Smart on Crime “(2009; cowritten with Joan O ‘ C to. Hamilton), has been used as a model for dealing with the problem of criminal recidivism.

In 2012, Harris gave a memorable speech at the Democratic National Convention, highlighting Her National Profile. Two years later, she married attorney Douglas Emhoff. She was considered an emerging star within the party and was recruited to run for the U.S. Senate seat of Barbara Boxer, who was retiring. In early 2015, Harris declared her candidacy and on the campaign trail called for immigration and criminal justice reforms, increases in the minimum wage and protection of women’s reproductive rights. She easily won the 2016 election.

When she took office in January 2017, Harris became the first Indian American woman in the Senate and only the second Black woman. She began serving on the Select Committee on Intelligence and the Judiciary Committee, among others. She became known for her prosecutorial style of questioning witnesses during hearings, drawing criticism-and occasional interruptions-from Republican senators. In June, she drew special attention for her questions to U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, who testified before the Intelligence Committee about alleged Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election; She had previously called on him to resign. Harris’ book, “The Truths We Hold: An American Journey,” was published in January 2019.

Shortly thereafter, Harris announced that she was seeking the Democratic presidential nomination in 2020. From the beginning, she was seen as one of the leading contenders, and she drew particular attention when she had a contentious exchange with fellow candidate Joe Biden during a primary debate about his opposition to school busing in the 1970s and ’80s other race-related issues. Although Harris ‘ support initially grew, by September 2019 your campaign was in serious trouble and in December you dropped out of the race. After the death of George Floyd, an African American man who was in police custody, she became a leading advocate for social justice reform in May 2020. Her efforts silenced some who had criticized your tenure as attorney general, claiming you failed to investigate charges of police misconduct, including questionable shootings. Others, however, felt that Your embrace of reform was a political maneuver to capitalize on the growing public popularity of social change. As racial injustice became a major issue in the United States, many Democrats urged Biden, the party’s presumptive nominee, to select an African American woman-a demographic that was crucial to his electoral chances-as his vice presidential running mate. In August, Biden chose Harris, making her the first Black woman to appear on a major party’s national ticket. In November, she became the first Black woman elected vice president of the United States.

In the weeks that followed, Trump and several other Republicans challenged the election results, alleging voter fraud. Although a number of lawsuits were filed, no evidence was presented to support the allegations, and the vast majority of cases were dismissed. During this time, Harris and Biden began the transition to a new administration, announced an agenda, and selected staff. By early December, all states had certified the election results,and the process then moved to Congress for final certification. Amid Trump’s repeated calls for Republicans to repeal the election, a group of members of Congress, notably including Senators Josh Hawley (Missouri) and Ted Cruz (Texas), announced they would challenge the electors of several states. Shortly after the Jan. 6, 2021, proceedings began, a mob of Trump supporters stormed the Capitol. It took several hours to secure the building, but Biden and Harris were eventually certified the winners. She later denounced the siege-which many believed was instigated by Trump-as an “attack on America’s democracy.” January, she officially resigned from the Senate. Two days later, amid an incredible security presence, Harris was sworn in as vice president.